Activities implemented by the ADAM projet

Matrice Reference

Matrice Reference

Activities implemented by the ADAM projet

The ADAM project is implemented following three main components : agronomic research for development, training activities and coimmunication

Agronomic research for development

An on-going farming system analysis

Launched at the end of 2009, an agrarian dia­gnosis of the project’s operating area is under way. The diagnosis is intended to provide an in-depth analysis of constraints for extending agroe­cology in northwestern Vietnam through economic surveys and an analysis of farmers’ practices in various tea-based farming systems.

A French student (Florent Boulanger) hosted by the ADAM project in 2009 completed his MSc with an analysis of tea-based farming systems in Van Chan district. Three MSc internship students of various nationalities (Cambodian, French and British) are currently working on their MSc thesis with the ADAM project, thus contributing to the project’s agrarian diagnosis.

An experimental design gradually set up to ad­dress research and development goals

The ADAM project’s experimental design re­sults from a short-term mission led by CIRAD’s expert Stephane Boulakia. First field activities were set up in August 2009, including :

– A collection of 150 plant species and varieties with legume crops, cover plants, mulching crops and cereals. This improved germplasm imported from abroad was sown in Phu Ho and Suoi Giang in or­der to assess and compare plant behaviour under various biophysical conditions.

– A reference site (1.7 ha) located in Suoi Giang com­mune, designed in order to test DMC-based alternati­ves to 2-crops-per-year cropping systems.

– Two hectares of tea-based experiments in an expe­rimental area managed by the Tea Research Center (Phu Ho commune) which were designed to deal with various themes such as :

·         soil fertility restoration before a new tea plan­tation,

·         screening of shade tolerant/fast-growing spe­cies to be intercropped with tea,

·         fertilisation systems, .

·         kinds of intensification schemes (combinations of smouldering and mulching) to be promoted for new tea planting cycles within old tea plan­tations, etc.

In early 2010, 5 specific hand-seeders for DMC, to be replicated by local craftsmen, were imported from Brazil, together with large quantities of seeds necessary to conduct experiments. The experi­mental design was extended and is now struc­tured as a mix of trials, including fully controlled academic experiments, demonstration models, reference sites and farmers’ field schools. Trials are being implemented in 4 districts belonging to Phu Tho, Son La and Yen Bai provinces selected in order to concentrate field activities. In addition, experimental activities at district level have been designed to match local development stakes.

Training

Capacity building

A few activities designed to improve NOMAFSI capacities to manage DMC and agroecology were organised over the latest period:

– a one-week collective field trip to Cambodia was or­ganised in late October 2009. The ADAM team went to visit DMC experiments being implemented by the PADAC project for small-scale farmers,

– two short training courses (soil biology and soil ero­sion) for NOMAFSI engineers were organised under the supervision of Dr. Pascal Jouquet and Dr. Didier Orange (IRD-bioemco) respectively,

– one engineer involved in Moc Chau experiments is presently attending a 2-month “training by doing” in­ternship in Cambodia to learn how to manage DMC innovations in practice.

Instruction for trainers, extension workers and farmers

During phase 1 of the project, the ADAM staff mainly focused the project’s activities on the expe­riments set up. Training activities for final benefi­ciaries are due to be organised from end 2010.

Communication

Sharing information

A mailing list of scientists and development workers possibly interested in receiving technical information from the ADAM project was drawn up in early 2010.Starting with this newsletter, information about the ADAM project will be sent on a regular 6-monthly basis.

Training and communication tools

Several training tools (powerpoints, manual of DMC in Madagascar, technical sheets) have been translated into Vietnamese and are being revised before final edition. In addition, communication tools have been de­signed then edited (News bulletin, ADAM project leaflet, poster).

Field visits

Finally, several visits to experiments were or­ganised in 2009 and 2010 for various publics in­cluding farmers, extension workers, researchers, local authorities and donors.